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Pine Pollen Powder

Model: Cell-broken ratio>98%; Protein>10%

Cell Wall Cracked Pine Pollen Powder
[Botanical Source]: Pinus Massoniana Lamb 
[Particle Size]: 300 mesh
[Appearance]: Light yellow fine powder
[Specification]: Cell-broken ratio>98%; Protein>10%
 

Source: Pinus massoniana grown in Yunnan Province belong to Himalayan Mountains
Our Pine Pollen is gathered in the Yunnan Province in Southwestern China--an area roughly 152,000 sq miles, with the northwestern region displaying impressive mountain ranges and river valleys--including the vast pine forests. This part of Yunnan is the Tibet Autonomous Zone and is the foot of the eastern most edge of the HimalayanMountains. This is where our pine pollen is gathered once a year. The YunnanProvince is home to the richest plant life of all of China and has been a top destination for many naturalists from the US and Europebecause of its natural beauty and diverse plant and animal life. Because of the geographic isolation and because of the geographic nature of the northwestern area of Yunnan, the forest where our pine pollen is harvested from is far from industry.  

Manufacturing process
Raw pine pollen harvest---Screen out the impurities---Pass though 300 mesh sieve---Breaking the cell wall by pneumatic cracker---Grain ethanol sterilization---Detection of physicochemical index---packing

 

 

Collection of raw pine pollen: Workers cut down the Ripe Pine Pollen Catkins from the pine tree by hand.
Microwave sterilization: Microwave sterilization machine could avoid high temperature inactive the ingredients in pine pollen powder, since some active ingredients in pine pollen powder may loose their bioactivity at above 40 degree celsius.
Breaking the cell wall: Since the nutrition of pine pollen is protected by hard cell wall which results in poor absorption of nutrition. By pneumatic cracker, the hard cell wall will be broken (ratio>98%) for a better consumption/digestion by human beings.

Comparison of Cell Cracked and Uncracked Pine Pollen Powder

Uncracked pine pollen is much more golden yellow in color, entwisted with sense of lubrication, easy to lift up in the air. When uncracked pine pollen is shaken in a sealed transparent container, it could be found that it has a better flowability.

In process of cell cracking by high-speed airflow, the appearance and some physical properties undergo a lot changes. The color is changing to lighter yellow. Under the microscope, we could find airbag structures have been separated from pine pollen grain main structure and pine pollen grain is not complete like before. This will result in pine pollen looses its fluid/flowability characteristic, instead cell cracked pine pollen is with a strong adhesivity and is hard to lift up in the air.

How to Make a Preliminary Judgment on Pine Pollen Powder Quality?

1. Visual Judgment: To observe whether the color of pine pollen is normal or not, high quality pine pollen is usually in light/pale yellow. Other colors like greenish yellow or light brownish may because some additives or impurities are mixed in.
2. Smell: High quality pine pollen powder is supposed to be with a strong smell of aroma of pine trees. If there is any musty smell, it means the powder is defective and losing its freshness.
3. Taste: Pine pollen powder has a bitter taste and cell cracked pine pollen will have a stronger bitterness. If there is no bitterness or one feel a sense of sand in mouth, it may be because the pine pollen is not pure enough (the former may be because sugar or other additives are mixed in; the later is because the impurities are not screened out).
4. Test: One may take a small amount of pine pollen powder and rub it on the back of the hand to see whether the pine pollen powder could penetrate into the skin and whether one feels the powder is fine and smooth. High quality pine pollen power could penetrate in the skin and with a fine and smooth touch.

One also could get a small amount of pine pollen power in the water to observe the state in the water. Cell cracked pine pollen powder tends to dissolve and suspend while uncracked pine pollen float on the surface.

Steps to Take Pine Pollen Powder

1. Get around 5 grams pine pollen powder in a coffee cup or any cup you like.
2. Mix with less than 40 degrees Celsius water with pine pollen power because some ingredients may loose their bioactivity in above 40 degrees Celsius water. One could also add some honey or milk according to your preference.
3. Fully stir the pine pollen powder, and drink before it cools off.

Benefits of Substances in Pine Pollen
Plant hormone in Pine Pollen

Pine Pollen is health food without any animal hormone, insect hormone, dope and toxic side-effects. Plant hormones are natural organic compounds that can regulate plant growth and belong to the steroid or simple organic acid family. Despite the use of "hormone", they differ greatly from animal hormone in terms of the origin, biological synthesis, transmission process and effects in that it is just a growth factor for plants without any negative effect on the body. 

Flavones in Pine Pollen
In phytochromes, bioflavonoids have a great amount in fruits and vegetables with colors. Pollen is the very part of the plant where pigments accumulate. Carotinoids and flavonoids are the most common plant pigments. Every 100g of pine pollen contains 29.26mg total flavonoids(rutin). 

Flavonoid has a lot of functions such as lowering blood pressure, reducing lipidemia, preventing thrombosis, strengthening immunity, improving cardiovascular and cerebrovascular blood circulation, etc. Flavonoid, similar to vitamin C, is metabolized quickly, and evacuated by urine when it is in surplus. 

As far as scientists are concerned, flavonoid is a newly discovered natural nutrient necessary for the body. The lack of flavonoid in the body will lead to cerebral dysfunction, inadequate cardiac function, blood vessel cirrhosis and brittleness. With small molecules it is easily absorbed by the body and enter fat tissues through blood barriers; hence, it has a general effect for many health conditions, such as anti-inflammation, anti-allergy and anti-tumor, restraining bacteria and virus, and preventing liver diseases and thrombosis. 

Flavonoid should be taken consistently. With a fast metabolism it dose not accumulate in the body. Meanwhile, It has to be obtained from food, it can not be synthesized in the body.

Vitamins in Pine Pollen
The term of vitamin, meaning the element to preserve life, was first put forward by FUNK in 1912. Through constant researching, over 20 kinds of vitamins have been found out to be essential to the body. Vitamin can be divided into water-soluble vitamin (vitamin B family and vitamin C) and fat-soluble vitamin (vitamin A, β-carotene, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K). Vitamin is an organic compound essential for maintaining the natural physiological functions of the body. They can not be synthesized in the body (or little is synthesized) and must be taken from the food. Each kind of vitamin has its own physiological function and can not be substituted. The body needs quite a small amount of them but they are absolutely indispensable. 

The vitamins in the pine pollen exist in a biologically natural form in the cells, with full bioactivity and good absorptivity. They work together in the body. For example, vitamin A, C and E protect one another from being oxidized, and best effect will be obtained when they supplement each other; Vitamin B, B2 and B6 must be supplemented in the proportion of 1:1:1; Vitamin E and selenium supplement each other; Vitamin C can help the absorption of iron; Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium. The absorption of the nutrients is a complicated process and more absorption does not mean better effect. 

Minerals in Pine Pollen
Minerals are the inorganic components in the body. It can be divided into constant-element and trace element according to the content of them in the body. Constant-elements in the pine pollen are: potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphor, silicon, etc. Trace elements are: iron, zinc, selenium, manganese, molybdenum, etc. Each mineral in the body has its own physiological function. They can keep the acid-base balance in the body fluid. They are components and activators of many enzymes. The minerals in the pine pollen exist in the natural plants in the form of naturally biological form, with the characteristics of good absorptivity and no toxic side effect. Meanwhile, some mineral elements in pine pollen work with vitamins to keep the balance of the micronutrients in the body.
 
Amino acid in Pine Pollen
Amino acid, whose physiological function is to synthesize protein, is the fundamental unit of protein, which is the physical basis for life. It can maintain the nitrogen equilibrium and is the raw material for different enzymes, antibodies and some hormones and can also regulate their physiological functions. It provides heat energy for the body, promotes growth, replenishes the metabolic consumption, and maintains the normal osmotic pressure of capillary. Amino acids can be divided into essential amino acid and non-essential amino acid according to their nutrient value. 

Under proper condition, the body can synthesize some kinds of amino acid and eight kinds of them have to be provided by foodstuffs. The eight kinds of amino acid are essential to the body, so they are called essential amino acids which fulfill an important physiological functions on the body. These eight kinds of essential amino acid are: isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine and valine. Children also need histidine. 

The body needs a certain amount of each essential amino acid and they can only be fully utilized with a corresponding proportional pattern. WHO has laid down the standard for that and the food whose proportion of the essential amino acids meets the standard is considered highly nutritious. Pine pollen is basically up to the standard. 

Enzymes in Pine Pollen
Enzymes, formerly called “ferments”, are complicated proteins with catalytic functions. Its catalytic capacity is regarded as the viability of enzymes. They are characterized by their high specificity. Nearly all the chemical changes of the organism take place under the catalysis of the enzymes. Enzymes have high catalytic efficiency, for one enzyme molecule catalyzes hundreds to millions of substrate molecules in one minute. Enzymes are usually named after their substrate or the characteristics of their functions. For example, amylase acts on the amylum, chymosin promotes the coagulation of milk, and glucose oxidase catalyzes the oxidation of glucose. Enzymes are also of great significance to the cure and diagnose of diseases, to the understanding of the nature of biological phenomenon as well as to the industrial and agricultural production. 

Coenzymes are the small non-protein organic molecules essential for the catalysis of the enzymes.Most coenzymes are the derivatives of vitamins, for example, vitamin B12 participates in some physiological functions in the form of coenzyme. Pine Pollen naturally contains nearly a hundred kinds of enzymes needed by the body. They can promote the peristalsis of stomach and intestines, whet the appetite, regulate the assimilating function of the body and promote digestion and absorption. It has a good repairing effect on the gastric ulcer, duodenitis, atrophic gastritis, etc. It can regulate the immune system and endocrine system of the body. Having various kinds of natural enzymes and coenzymes as its major component is the prominent feature of the pine pollen among other heath foods.

Folic acid in Pine Pollen
Pine Pollen contains folic acid, with 934ug in each 100g of pine pollen. 
Folic acid, also named vitamin Bc or vitamin M, is one member of the vitamin B family. It exists widely in the green leaves of plants and in the liver or kidney of animals. The yeast also has a good content of it. Folic acid deficiency in the body will cause anemia of giant cells, accompanied by leukocytopenia, pathological changes of gastrointestinal track as well as the stagnation of growth. Recent research has shown that folic acid has more other physiological functions for the body and can prevent many diseases. 
(1) The homocysteine in the blood is a metabolic product of methionine. It will cause plaques by damaging the endothelial cells of heart and blood vessels. The folic acid in the blood can convert the homocysteine into methionine. Sufficient folic acid in the body can prevent the production of homocysteine, which will lower the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. 
(2) Folic acid deficiency of pregnant women will damage the key parts of the baby's spine and cause malformation of the baby's neural tube, which will lead to death or deformity of the baby. Therefore, it is essential for the pregnant women to supplement an appropriate amount of folic acid. The WTO suggests that each fertile woman should take 400ug folic acid each day. 
(3) Folic acid deficiency for women will cause a low level of folic acid in the blood, thus the genes of the cervical cells are easily damaged by the virus, increasing the incidence of cancer. Research has shown that women having a low level of folic acid are five times more likely to get cervical cancer than those with a normal level of folic acid. It is the same case with the rectum cancer. 

Folic acid is mainly extracted from such foods as green leaves vegetable, orange and tangerine, soybean, carrot, meat, corn, milk, rhizome vegetables (e.g. potato), etc. But folic acid can't endure light and heat. Most of it will be damaged when heated. Due to this factor, together with others such as malaborption, metabolic disorders, increase of excretion people have to take folic acid from other food.

SOD (Superoxide Dismutase) in Pine Pollen
Before we get to know SOD, we should first know about free radicals. Why will people get ill, age and die?Recent research in biological and medical field has shown that they are caused by free radicals, which are high-energy particles that ricochet wildly and damage cells. Free radicals can be produced by metabolism in the body or enters the body from outside. If the "garbage" and toxin in the blood can not be cleared away in time, they will produce free radicals. If the toxic substances from the outside enter the body through respiration or contact of skin, they will deposit to produce free radicals. Free radicals can destroy the cell membrane of the organism or even cut off the DNA chain, thereby quicken the aging of cells and reduce the immunologic function of the organism or even induce cancer. Now it is confirmed that semi-quinone free radical may cause lung cancer, lipid free radical may cause breast cancer, superoxide free radical does harm to all kinds of tissues. So free radical is called the cell-killer. Substances which can eliminate free radical are vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A, coenzyme Q, glutathione, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and so on. 

SOD is regarded as the most valuable substance to scavenge free radicals, inhibit cancer and aging, improve the immunity of the organism and control inflammation, etc. It was found by Mocord and Fnidovich in 1968. Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme directly involved in antioxidation process, whose components include zinc, copper, manganese and other trace elements. Pine pollen contains a large amount of antioxidant, such as vitamin E, vitamin B, β-carotene and trace elements, etc. All these can slow down peroxidization of lipid and protein in the body thereby fulfills the function of postponing aging. Regular intake of pine pollen can regain youth, eliminate the age pigment and prolong life.

Certificate of Analysis

General Information
Botanical Name: Pinus massoniana Lamb Herbal Part Used             Raw pollen
Item                        Specification                  Method                                     Result
Physical Property                                                                                                     
Appearance Fine Powder Organoleptic                         Conforms
Color Light yellow Organoleptic                         Conforms
Odour Characteristic Organoleptic                         Conforms
Particle Size 300 mesh size USP32<786>                        Conforms
General Analysis                                                                                                       
Identification Identical to R.S. sample HPLC                Conforms
Protein 10% HPLC                                       10.14%
Loss on Drying ≤5.0% Eur.Ph.6.0[2.8.17]                     3.19%
Ash ≤5.0% Eur.Ph.6.0[2.4.16]                     3.40%
Contaminants                                                                                                            
Solvents Residue Meet Eur.Ph6.0<5.4> Eur.Ph 6.0<2.4.24>              Conforms
Pesticides Residue Meet USP32<561> USP32<561>                        Conforms
Lead(Pb) ≤3.0mg/kg Eur.Ph6.0<2.2.58>ICP-MS             2.1
Arsenic(As) ≤2.0mg/kg Eur.Ph6.0<2.2.58>ICP-MS             1.5
Cadmium(Cd) ≤1.0mg/kg Eur.Ph6.0<2.2.58>ICP-MS             0.6
Mercury(Hg) ≤0.1mg/kg Eur.Ph6.0<2.2.58>ICP-MS           0.07
Microbiological Index                                                                                               
Total Plate Count ≤1000cfu/g USP30<61>                                   119
Yeast &Mold ≤100cfu/g USP30<61>                                     40
E.Coli. Negative USP30<62>                          Conforms
Salmonella              Negative                          USP30<62>                          Conforms
Shelf Life 24 months under the conditions below, no antioxidant used

Package

&Storage

Standard packed in fiber-drum and two plastic bags inside
N.W: 25kgs. I.D. 35 x H51 cm;
Store in a cool,dry place away from Moisture, Light, Oxygen
Manufacturer Xian TCM Adaptogen Bio-tech Co., Ltd

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